Reads Presocratics such as Homer, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Parmenides, Heraclitus, and Empedocles from within the realm opened up by Heidegger's thinking. Offering a diversity of strategies and approaches to the philosophical issues involved in reading and thinking about the Presocratics in the wake of Martin Heidegger's thought, the authors explicate the thinking of key figures such as Homer, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Parmenides, Heraclitus, and Empedocles. The philosophical problems of logos, logic, truth, history, tradition, ethics, and tragedy are presented and re-thought in relation to Heidegger's thinking.
Not only is the role of the Presocratics in Heidegger's reading re-thought but also, following a trajectory opened up by Heidegger, questions and readings of the Presocratics that he himself did not broach are pursued. These include: How does logos change in Heidegger's dialogue with the Presocratics? What is the place of the Presocratics in the "other inception" of thinking? How is Heidegger's reading of tragedy also a dialogue with Nietzsche and Holderlin? How do concealment and disclosure function in Homer's corpus? Do the pronouncements of Anaximander bring us to think the beginning of history and to question the need for ethics and justice?
How does Anaximenes come to think and speak all that manifests itself?
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What is the role of presence in Parmenides' divine pedagogy? How does Heidegger come to remember Heraclitus and what is the disruptive nature of Heraclitus' sayings? The quality here is in the contributors that Jacobs has assembled--in general the best figures for such a project among American continental philosophers with additional contributions from abroad. These readers will not be disappointed.
Schmidt, Charles E. Although he grew up in humble circumstances, his obvious intellectual gifts earned him a religious scholarship to pursue his secondary education in the neighbouring town of Konstanz. In he completed his habilitation thesis a requirement for teaching at the university level in Germany on the Scholastic theologian John Duns Scotus.
He completed his break with Catholicism by marrying a Lutheran , Elfride Petri, in As a lecturer at Freiburg starting in , Heidegger became heir apparent to leadership of the movement that Husserl had founded, phenomenology. The goal of phenomenology was to describe as exactly as possible the phenomena and structures of conscious experience without appeal to philosophical or scientific preconceptions about their nature, origin, or cause.
From Husserl , Heidegger learned the method of phenomenological reduction , by which the inherited preconceptions of conscious phenomena are pared away in order to reveal their essence, or primordial truth. In Heidegger was appointed associate professor of philosophy at the University of Marburg. Although he published very little in the early s, his mesmerizing podium presence created for him a legendary reputation among young students of philosophy in Germany.
Heidegger used that technique to further his goal of dismantling traditional philosophical theories and perspectives. What does Being mean?
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In order to address that question properly, Heidegger found it necessary to undertake a preliminary phenomenological investigation of the Being of the human individual, which he called Dasein. In that endeavour he ventured onto philosophical ground that was entirely untrodden. Heidegger stood that approach on its head.
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For Heidegger, the very Being of the individual involves engagement with the world. Yet the framework of Being and Time is suffused by a sensibility—derived from secularized Protestantism—that stresses the paramountcy of original sin. Rather than facing up to their own finitude—represented above all by the inevitability of death —they seek distraction and escape in inauthentic modalities such as curiosity, ambiguity , and idle talk. Another distinguishing feature of Being and Time is its treatment of temporality Zeitlichkeit. Heidegger believed that traditional Western ontology from Plato to Immanuel Kant had adopted a static and inadequate understanding of what it means to be human.
From that standpoint one of the distinctive features of inauthentic Dasein is that it fails to actualize its Being. Its existential passivity becomes indistinguishable from the nonecstatic, inert being of things.
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The problem of historicity, as discussed in Division II of Being and Time , is one of the most poorly understood sections of the work. Being and Time is usually interpreted as favouring the standpoint of an individual Dasein : social and historical concerns are intrinsically foreign to the basic approach of the work.
Nevertheless, with the concept of historicity Heidegger indicated that historical questions and themes are legitimate topics of ontological inquiry.