In Catholic tradition, on Judgment Day Saint Michael weighs souls based on their deeds during their life on earth. Saint Michael is often portrayed in art with scales. In this depiction, angels hold up two books: the smaller book held by Saint Michael records the names of the blessed, while the larger book is a list of the damned.
The tradition of Michael as prince-protector of the Jewish people was adopted by the Christian Church. Michael occur in the ancient Near East. The emperor Constantine built the Michaelion at Chalcedon on the site of an earlier temple. Other sanctuaries were located at healing springs in Anatolia, Antioch, and Egypt. Identification of St Michael with the gift of healing can be seen in Gregory the Great leading a devotional procession in when the city of Rome was afflicted with a plague that killed his predecessor.
Gregory reportedly saw a vision of Saint Michael atop the Mausoleum of Hadrian. The archangel sheathed his sword, suggesting to the pope that the peril was ended. The Visio Sancti Pauli , written in the late fourth or early fifth century, presents St Michael as an advocate for sinners, guarantor of rain, and thus a patron of agriculture. Michael since at least the early sixth century. The cult of St. Michael was widespread in the British Isles during the Middle Ages.
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Legends include a number of reported appearances of Saint Michael, where sanctuaries or churches were later built or dedicated to him. Early in the 8th century, Saint Michael reportedly appeared three times to Saint Aubert , the bishop of Avranches in Normandy , France and instructed him to build a church on the small island now known as Mont Saint-Michel.
Several healings were reported when the church was being built and Mont Saint-Michel still remains a Catholic pilgrimage site. The role of Saint Michael as protector and guardian has also led to the design of statues that depict him and the construction of Churches and monasteries at specific locations.
Because most monastic islands lie close to land, they were viewed as forts holding demons at a distance against attacks on the Church. Bernard of Clairvaux recommended the invocation of Saint Michael at the time of temptation and sorrow: "Whenever any grievous temptation or vehement sorrow oppresses thee, invoke thy guardian, thy leader, cry out to him, and say, 'Lord, save us, lest we perish! Francis of Assisi was specially devoted to Saint Michael and would fast for about forty days from the feast of the Assumption August 15 to Saint Michael's feast day on September Michael's Lent ", a time of fasting and prayer.
In editions of the Roman Missal before , Saint Michael was mentioned in the Confiteor as recited by the priest and again in altar server 's response at Mass. He was mentioned also in celebrations of Solemn Mass when the priest put incense in the thurible, reciting the prayer: Per intercessionem beati Michaelis Archangeli, stantis a dextris altaris incensi, et omnium electorum suorum, incensum istud dignetur Dominus benedicere, et in odorem suavitatis accipere.
Per Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen Through the intercession of Blessed Michael the Archangel, standing at the right hand of the altar of incense, and of all his elect, may the Lord kindly bless this incense and accept it as a savour of sweetness. Michael the Archangel is the patron saint of grocers, mariners, paratroopers, police officers, and military personnel. Saint Michael's feast day of September 29 has been solemnly celebrated in many locations since the fifth century.
And many churches that honor Saint Michael are dedicated on the 29th of September, e. Devotions to Saint Michael have a large Catholic following, and a number of churches are dedicated to him worldwide. Roman Catholic devotions to Saint Michael have been expressed in a variety of forms, including a chaplet and scapular. A prayer to St. Michael for protection is found in the Carmina Gadelica , collected by Alexander Carmichael in the Gaelic-speaking regions of Scotland.
The Scapular of St. A prayer to Saint Michael is included in the Rite of Exorcism in the Roman Ritual , and was retained, in edited form, in the revision of the rite. Through the centuries, Catholic devotions to Saint Michael have resulted in a number of poems and hymns. O angel!
Bear, O Michael of great miracles, To the Lord my plaint. Hearest thou? Ask of forgiving God Forgiveness of all my vast evil. Delay not! Carry my fervent prayer To the King, the great King! To my soul Bring help, bring comfort At the hour of its leaving earth. Stoutly To meet my expectant soul Come with many thousand angels! O Soldier! Against the crooked, wicked, militant world Come to my help in earnest! Do not Disdain what I say!
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As long as I live do not desert me! Thee I choose, That thou mayst save my soul, My mind, my sense, my body. O thou of goodly counsels, Victorious, triumphant one, Angelic slayer of Antichrist! The hymn " Te Splendor " to Saint Michael which derives its name from the fact that in Latin it begins with Te splendor et virtus Patris is published in the Raccolta collection of prayers with indulgences.
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Saint Michael symbolizes the victory of good over evil, and he has been widely represented in art through the ages. Depictions of Saint Michael often portray the scene where Satan, or the fallen angels, are helpless below the sword or spear of a triumphant Saint Michael. The phrase means " Who is like God?
The original meaning of the name Michael gave rise to the Latin phrase Quis ut Deus?
The triumphant St. Michael , by Dosso Dossi , 16th century. Michael and fallen angels Rubens , 17th century. Johann M. Rottmayr , St. Michael's Triumph , Michael by Guariento , 14th century. St Michael weighing souls during the Last Judgement , 16th century, Cologne. Michael weighing souls on Judgement Day by Hans Memling , 15th century. Archangel Michael and fallen angels , Luca Giordano c. Archangel Michael in Victory , by Simon Ushakov , He is a very huge, powerful angel, and is often seen by those who are clairvoyant as an indigo purplish-blue colored light. Gabriel is sometimes depicted as a male, and at other times as a female archangel.
For simplicity, however, I will just use the masculine pronoun when describing him here.
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Gabriel is the communication angel, and we can call upon him whenever we need help with writing or speaking. Clairvoyants often see him as a copper colored light. Archangel Raphael is the angel to call upon if we wish to heal others or ourselves, except in cases where illness is part of the overall plan.
As a response to our request, Raphael will show us what we can do to get well.
He also often allows us to see how our thoughts and actions triggered our health problems in the first place. Clairvoyants often see his essence as an emerald green colored light. Archangel Uriel aids us in situations when we feel helpless, and comes to the rescue during disasters.